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Biological Source:
Boswellia serrata Roxb, family Burseraceae

Geographical Source:
Boswellia serrata, is also known as Dh upa is widely distributed in India, generally found in dry hilly areas of Aravali hills in Rajasthan, Vindhya and Satpura hills in Madhya Pradesh, and also in Bihar, Orissa and other eastern states, and north Gujrat1-2

Vernacular Names:

Sanskrit Sallak i, Gajbhaksya, Susrava.
Hindi Sal ai Guggulu, Kundru
English Indian Olibanum tree
Bangali Guggul, Kundre, Lubana
Gujarati Dhup-gugali
Rajasth ani Gandh abirojha
Mar athi Pahadi Dhupa
Kannad Maddi
Malayalam Sambrani
Telugu Parangi-samabrani

Morphological Characters:
Boswellia serrata Roxb. (Family: Burseraceae) is a medium sized deciduous tree reaching 4-5 m in height and 1-1.5m in girth with ash coloured papery bark peeling off in thin flakes, young shoots pubescent; leaves, alternate, imparipinnate, crowed at the end of branches. The leaves are opposite and sessile, variable in shape but usually ovate or lanceolate, obtuse, with a serrate margin and rounded base. The flowers are in racemes with long, ovate creamcoloured petals. The oleo-gum resin is exuded by cuts made in the bark of the trunk.2 Parts Used: Oleo-gum resins

Properties in Ayurveda:

Rasa Ka waya, Tikta, Madhura
Guna Laghu, Ruksa
Vrya Sita
Vipaka Katu
Karma Kapha-pitta samak, sothahar


For More Details :--

Read AMAM Ayurveda Heritage Vol-1, Issue 4, October-December 2005


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